There was a wide variety of homes in the Middle Ages. There was everything from castles, to manor houses, to monestaries, to mud huts, to apartments over shops.
Castles: Castles were huge and made of stone. The interior of a castle contained staircases, bedrooms, hallways, priveys, store rooms, barracks for the knights, a chapel and a gatehouse and more. They were very fancy, drafty, cold, and dusty places.
The Manor House: Manor houses were built like small castles. Entrance ways were elaborate. They showed how important you were. The noble family had private quarters in the manor house. But all the servants who worked there slept in the Great Hall at night.
Peasants and Serfs Homes: Peasants homes were usually one room huts, made of logs held together with mud, with thatched roofs. There was a hole in the roof for the smoke to get out so people could cook inside. Homes had little furniture, perhaps a three-legged stool and beds made of straw covered with a leather toss. There were pegs on the walls to hold clothes. They usually had iron cooking pots and pans.
Town Homes: Along each narrow street, there were little shops. Store owners lived above their shops. Shops were made of wood with thatched roofs. Fire was a constant worry.
Monasteries, Convents, and Abbeys: Monks lived together in monasteries. Nuns lived in convents. These homes came in all sizes. Some of the abbeys were the size of castles. Some were very small, home to perhaps as few as five people.