Clergy: The group that lived the most
comfortable life during the Middle Ages was the clergy. How comfortable
was it? Let's find out.
(men) - Benedictine Rule: A monk is a man who has
chosen to devote his life to a certain discipline of prayer. Monks
dressed in loose brown robes, tied at the waist with a cord. In 520 CE,
a priest named Benedict built a monastery in Italy. The rules he
established were called Benedictine Rule. According to these rules,
priests could not marry, could not own goods, and had to obey their
abbot. The abbot was the head or ruler of the monastery. The abbot made
the rules or laws of the monastery.
Benedict's influence was very strong. Soon, all
monks had to take three vows:
Vow of poverty. This meant he had to give up
all his worldly goods.
Vow of chastity. This meant he had to stay
Vow of obedience. This meant he had to promise
to obey the church and the rules of the monastery.
(women): Women could choose to become nuns. Nuns lived in a
convent. In each convent, the ruler was the abbess.
Nuns wore a gown, a veil, and a wimple. A wimple
was a white cloth that wrapped around the neck and face. Most nuns had a
far more active life than the monks. Nuns prayed, but they also spent
time spinning, weaving, and teaching. They taught needlework and the use
of herbs to noblewomen.
and Convents: Although monks and nuns lived away from village
life, they did interact with other people. Monasteries and Convents
served as hospitals for the sick, guesthouses for weary travelers,
distribution centers for the needy, and storage facilities for food.
in a Christian Monastery - Eye Witness to History
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Online Games for the Middle Ages
Middle Ages Clipart for Kids & Teachers
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