Henry IV was king at the time. He strongly objected
to the use of church councils to elect bishops. As a king, to rule
effectively, he needed bishops behind him. Bishops were powerful. They
owned manors. They had knights. They were religious leaders. In the end,
Henry got his way. Secular leaders could appoint abbots, bishops, and
cardinals. The church could only veto the choice.
Monks (Religious Beggars): Another reform attempted by the
church was the use of friars. Friars were wandering monks. The church
was highly criticized for all its wealth. The friars were supposed to
offset this. Friars were intended to be visual reminders of the vow of
poverty. Probably the most famous friar was Francis of Assisi.
Friars almost always found shelter and a warm meal.
Feeding and sheltering a wandering monk was an easy act of penance.
Nobles and commoners alike were delighted to welcome the friars to dine
with them. It provided them with company, with religious comfort, and
with an acceptance penance.
VII (Pope Gregory)
Powerpoints about the Middle Ages
Online Games for the Middle Ages
Middle Ages Clipart for Kids & Teachers
Ages for Teachers
to The Middle Ages for Kids